Rich and varied wildlife, highlighting the great cabin of deer, ibex and wildboar, as well as important populations of wild cat, fox, otter mufflon and fallow.
The mountain goat has been one of the iconic animals of the Park.
We emphazise among the birds the griffon vulture and the golden eagle, as well as the bearded vulture, in repopulation process.The lizard Valverde and the snub noser adder (viper latastei) stand out.
It is the largest extense of pine forest in Spain, with representation of almost all species , and the oldest specimens of Europe, thought the most abundant is the pinus nigra. Forests of Aleppo pine are up to 900 m. of altitude, accompanied by strawberry trees and mastic, as memory of the Meditarranean forest that was there. As we move into high we find forests of oaks, gall oaks and important zones of maritime pine. In wetter areas we can find exemples of ancient yews and hollies, both extremely rare in Andalucia . On the reverbanks grow ash-trees, willows, black poplars, and reeds and cattails, where waterfowl and small mammals are sheltered. This Natural reserve encloses one of the richest florae of the whole Mediterranean bassin . More than 1.300 cataloghed species, 24 are exclusive or this area, as Cazorla violet (Viola Cazorlensis), the unique carnivorous plant (Pinguicula valllisnerifolia), and other such as Geranium Carolezense or Aquilegia cazorlensis.
Inside the park, we can find the Botanical Garden “Torre del Vinagre”, where you can learn the most representative plants properly labeled.